The Act in Context: The Canonical Papers of Steven C. Hayes by Steven C. Hayes

By Steven C. Hayes

The Canonical Papers of Steven C. Hayes is a compilation of his such a lot pivotal articles written from 1982-2012. via those chosen papers, Hayes back revisits the theoretical struggles among behavioral and cognitive-behavior theories, taking us from the Nineteen Eighties into contemporary, discussing the breakthroughs and follies. utilizing this as a spotlight element, he discusses the culture of habit research and its problems in addressing human language and cognition. relocating ahead into the 90s, he chronicles the adjustments in a behavioral strategy that emerge from a contextual point of view on human cognition, and lays out the basis for a contextual behavioral technology procedure that he argues is likely to bring about an realizing of human motion and an relief of human agony. even though the articles have formerly been released, they've been edited and compiled make certain this department of analysis is apparent to the trendy viewers. The compilation was once selected via Dr. Hayes to reinforce his imaginative and prescient for a useful contextual method of complicated human behavior.

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One is an impure tact. An impure tact is verbal behavior that is controlled by a stimulus object or event as well as by consequences relevant to the speaker’s current level of deprivation (Skinner, 1957). Impure tacts thus are functionally similar to mands in that they are at least partly controlled by levels of deprivation and aversive stimulation of the speaker. A pure tact, by contrast, is controlled by generalized reinforcement rather than by consequences relating to the speaker’s current level of deprivation.

RULE-GOVERNED BEHAVIOR AND COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY Our preliminary analysis of rule-governed behavior, though not exhaustive, and somewhat speculative, nevertheless provides some insights into current cognitive-behavioral interventions. , 1979). While these particular treatments have sometimes been viewed collectively as examples of rational psychotherapy (Wilson, 1978) or cognitive restructuring therapies (Mahoney & Arnkoff, 1978), sufficient differences exist among their specific methodologies, techniques, and underlying theoretical and conceptual bases to make separate analyses of each meaningful.

To summarize, it has been argued that individuals generate self-rules regarding their behavior and self-reinforce themselves for complying with such rules. Radical behaviorists, by contrast, have maintained that the procedure of reinforcing oneself for following self-rules may serve ultimately to cue the type of social and other reinforcement for self-rule following just discussed (Catania, 1975, 1976; Munt, Hayes, & Nelson, 1979; Rachlin, 1974; Rosenfarb, Hayes, & Zettle, 1981; Zettle, 1980b).

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