Mind: A Brief Introduction by John R. Searle

By John R. Searle

"The philosophy of brain is exclusive between modern philosophical subjects," writes John Searle, "in that every one of the main recognized and influential theories are false." In Mind, Searle dismantles those recognized and influential theories as he provides a vividly written, accomplished creation to the mind.
the following readers will locate one of many world's most outstanding thinkers laying off mild at the significant crisis of recent philosophy. Searle starts off with a glance on the twelve difficulties of philosophy of mind--which he calls "Descartes and different Disasters"--problems which he returns to through the quantity, as he illuminates such issues because the freedom of the desire, the particular operation of psychological causation, the character and functioning of the subconscious, the research of conception, and the idea that of the self. one of many key chapters is at the mind-body challenge, which Searle analyzes brilliantly. He argues that each one types of consciousness--from feeling thirsty to brooding about the best way to translate Mallarmé--are brought on by the habit of neurons and are learned within the mind method, that's itself composed of neurons. yet this doesn't suggest that realization is not anything yet neuronal habit. the most aspect of getting the idea that of attention, Searle issues out, is to trap the 1st individual subjective gains of the phenomenon and this element is misplaced if we redefine awareness in 3rd individual aim phrases.
defined as a "dragonslayer through temperament," John Searle bargains the following a refreshingly direct and open dialogue of philosophy, one who skewers authorized knowledge whilst it bargains outstanding new insights into the character of attention and the brain.

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In the human case, the body is not conscious. It is only the immortal soul, which is attached to the body, that is conscious. But in the dog’s case, it seems very unlikely that there is an immortal soul; there is just a body, and bodies cannot be conscious. Therefore, the dog is not conscious. Ditto for all other animals. 8. The Problem of Sleep The eighth problem for Descartes is the problem of sleep. If every mind is essentially conscious, if consciousness is the essence of mind such that you could not have a mind without being conscious, then it looks like unconscious­ ness would imply nonexistence.

Some philosophers who think that we could explain how consciousness is caused by brain processes cannot see how consciousness could have any causal powers of its own. Granted that somehow or other consciousness, and mental phenomena generally, are dependent on brain processes, it is hard to see how they could cause bodily movements or cause anything in the physical world. ” On this view consciousness exists alright, but it is like the froth on the wave or the flash of sunlight reflected off the surface of the water.

I think dualism can be answered and refuted, but we do not yet have the tools to do it. I will do it in chapter 4. II . T H E T U R N TO M A T ER IA L IS M The dualists said that there are two kinds of things or properties in the universe, and with the failure of dualism, it is natural to suppose that maybe there is only one kind of thing in the universe. Not surprisingly, this view is called 48 MI ND “monism” and it comes in two flavors, mentalist monism and materialist monism. These are called “idealism” and “materialism,” respectively.

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