By Marc Wittmann
We have broadly various perceptions of time. little ones have difficulty awaiting whatever. ("Are we there yet?") Boredom is frequently attached to our experience of time passing (or no longer passing). As humans get older, time turns out to hurry up, the years flitting through and not using a pause. How does our experience of time take place? In Felt Time, Marc Wittmann explores the riddle of subjective time, explaining our conception of time -- no matter if second by way of second, or when it comes to lifestyles as an entire. Drawing at the most modern insights from psychology and neuroscience, Wittmann deals a brand new resolution to the query of ways we event time.
Wittmann explains, between different issues, how we elect among savoring the instant and deferring gratification; why impulsive everyone is bored simply, and why their boredom is usually a subject of time; even if everybody possesses a private velocity, a specific mind rhythm distinguishing fast humans from gradual humans; and why the sensation of length can function an "error signal," letting us recognize while it truly is taking too lengthy for dinner to be prepared or for the bus to come back. He considers the perform of mindfulness, and no matter if it could actually decrease the rate of existence and support us achieve extra time, and he describes how, as we get older, subjective time speeds up as regimen raises; a fulfilled and sundry existence is a longevity. facts indicates that physically techniques -- specially the heart beat -- underlie our feeling of time and act as an inner clock for our experience of time. And Wittmann issues to contemporary examine that connects time to recognition; ongoing experiences of time cognizance, he tells us, can help us to appreciate the awake self.
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Extra info for Felt Time: The Psychology of How We Perceive Time
When complex psychic functions are at issue, usually more than one area of the brain is involved; for the most part—and this is also true for storing experience—a system of components distributed over the whole of the brain is at work. How, then—where the hypothetical rhythm of the brain is concerned—is it possible to locate an area, or for that matter, a neural system, that functions as a pacemaker for perception and motor operations? In other words, do we have a kind of internal clock that depends on certain structures of the brain and is responsible for recognizing temporal order?
I am indebted to Martin Paulus and Alan Simmons for support in performing and interpreting studies conducted by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging. Moreover, I received support for programming from Jan Churan. The success of my stay was assured by grants Martin Paulus and I obtained from two third-party sources. The National Institute of Health NIH/NIDA and the KAVLI Institute for Brain and Mind, San Diego, backed the project financially. I was also able to develop my ideas about how the brain represents time through ongoing collaboration with Virginie van Wassenhove (then at the California Institute of Technology, now at the Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit INSERM-CEA, Paris) and A.
In addition, I received criticism and encouragement from friends who read the manuscript very attentively: Katharina Weikl, Jochen Rack, Klaus Meffert, and, of course, Oksana. Thanks go to my mother for helping me edit the English translation. Years ago, I told my friend Dirk Thiel that I was looking for the internal clock governing the perception of time. ” I didn’t believe so then, but he might be right. Introduction This book is about the perception of time. It concerns our subjective feeling of the passage of time and our sense of duration.